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Fire Hydrants

Water Office Inspector

West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service have approximately 47,000 fire hydrants spread throughout the county. It is our responsibility to ensure that these hydrants are kept serviceable and available for use in the event of fire. The Water Office runs a hydrant inspection programme to check that all of West Yorkshire`s hydrants are in a good state of repair. We are able to undertake some minor repairs and maintenance in-house but any major work that involves dismantling the fire hydrant or turning off the domestic water supply has to be undertaken in partnership with Yorkshire water.

fireHydrantExample of a fire hydrant cover and hydrant marker plate

These covers may be found in the footpath or in the road way and provide access to the fire hydrant.


Marker plates

markerPlatesThey are usually fitted to a wall, street furniture or an old style concrete post. The two numbers on the plate show the size of the water main and the approximate distance of the hydrant. In addition to marker plates, all hydrants are displayed on a computer in the cab of every fire engine so that the nearest hydrant can be located while the crews are on route to a fire call.

Relocating fire hydrant markers

On occasions, fire hydrant markers may need to be relocated. (For example, when a property owner wishes to remove a boundary wall.)

To relocate a hydrant marker, please use the contact details at the bottom of this page.

Periodic test and/or inspection

Hydrants shall be subject to a periodic test / inspection at routine intervals to be determined by the Service, taking into account relevant factors such as location and the likely use of the hydrant. This is carried out by West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue`s team of hydrant inspectors

Fire hydrants and their markers are routinely inspected, tested and repaired using the following methods:

Above Ground Inspection

Pays attention to the hydrant frame, the cover, the surrounding surface and the hydrant indicator plate, which is checked for damage and to see if the information shown is correct.

Below Ground Inspection

Involves the Hydrant pit and the hydrant itself. This will find any leakage, which may affect the delivery of water for firefighting purposes.

Wet Pressure testing is carried out if there are doubts about a Hydrant’s performance. This checks the water flow to ensure the hydrant is working properly.

Community role

We encourage contact from the general public in relation to problems or enquiries about fire hydrants. When received, reports of damaged fire hydrant related equipment are inspected and repaired as soon as possible. Damaged or leaking hydrants can be reported using the contact details at the bottom of the page.

Illegal use

It is illegal to use a fire hydrant to obtain water for purposes other than firefighting, unauthorized access to the hydrant pit is not allowed. Persons found to be using fire hydrants without the appropriate authorisation are liable to prosecution.

A person commits an offence if he/she damages or obstructs a fire hydrant and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £500 (Fire and Rescue Services Act Section 42).

Please contact the Water Officer if you are concerned a hydrant is being used illegally.

Hydrant obstruction

Obstructing a fire hydrant is an offence and can carry a fine if convicted. Please remember to park considerately and away from any adjacent hydrants.

New Developments in West Yorkshire

When a new development within the county is planned, West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service determine the risk and recommend the number and position of fire hydrants required to the water authority. Each hydrant is strategically placed, to ensure the minimum provision is made, whilst delivering the optimum supply of firefighting water delivered from a mains system.

Private Fire Hydrants

Private fire hydrants are located on private water mains that are not the responsibility of the local water company or the fire and rescue service. These are generally located on large sites such as hospitals, military establishments, and industrial estates, but may also be installed to provide cover for specific risk properties. A request to install a private hydrant is addressed to Yorkshire water in the first instance. Private hydrants are the responsibility of the owners/occupiers on whose land they are installed and will not be maintained by either the water company or the Fire and Rescue Service.

Private hydrants should be installed in accordance with the appropriate British standards and should be compatible with fire and rescue service equipment.

Where private hydrants are installed they should be tested and maintained in good working order by the responsible person(s).


Our Water Office can be contacted via:


Water Office, WYFRS Headquarters, Oakroyd Hall, Bradford Road, Birkenshaw, West Yorkshire, BD11 2DY


Telephone during office hours (Mon – Fri)

0113 3874391