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Fire Protection

  • Fire Protection Manager

    Christopher Kemp

    0113 387 4355   |  

    Our aim is to reduce the risk and impact of fire on the community, safeguarding firefighters, heritage and the environment, reducing the loss of life, injuries, commercial, economic and social costs.

    Consequently our statutory duty to enforce fire safety law and promote fire safety is based on risk and to provide the community with value for money.

    The primary focus of Fire Protection is to support business such that all employers, places of community access and other buildings where the law applies meet their legal duties and maintain the safety of all those who may be present and in doing so assist the economic growth of West Yorkshire.

    We achieve this through the legislative framework provided by the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety Order), the Health and Safety at Work Act the Fire and Rescue Services Act and specific Petroleum & Explosives legislation.

Fire Investigation and Fire Safety Support

Fire Safety Support provides internal support in three areas: Fire Safety Database, Fire Safety Statistics and Fire Safety Training.

Fire Investigation is a public function and is carried out by all operational fire officers. In addition West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service also has a specialist Fire Investigation Team which provide 24 hour/365 day availability as required. The specialist team investigates the cause of fire in a variety of incident types: large fires, fires where the cause cannot be determined, and fires where people may have been injured or have died.

The section works closely with the Police, other Brigades and organisations such as insurance companies. They also work on projects including arson reduction, human behavior in fire, the main causes of fire and the compilation of information identifying trends in fire causes. This information is vital when targeted initiatives and campaigns relating to raising fire safety awareness take place.

Levels of Fire Investigation

Level 1 – These investigations are normally carried out by the Incident Commander or an Officer from the initial attendance. Level 1 covers the majority of fires attended by the Brigade and should be used where the cause of the fire is obvious and can be arrived at without excessive delay of operational crews and appliances.

Level 2 – These investigations are undertaken by a specialist Fire Investigation Officer who has attended the appropriate Fire Investigation courses. There are six Station Managers and four Watch Managers conditioned to the flexible duty system who are able to provide this function.

Level 3 – These are usually multi-agency investigations of a more serious nature and are carried out by a Station Manager with the appropriate qualifications who has undertaken a master’s degree in fire and forensic investigation or an equivalent qualification. This is a regional team of which West Yorkshire has two level 3 officers, South Yorkshire and Humberside has two and North Yorkshire has three.

Mobilising Criteria

A member of the Fire Investigation Team will automatically be mobilised to the following types of incidents:

• All Fatalities or incidents where fire related injuries are likely to prove fatal.

• All fires where six or more appliances attend.

• All explosions.

• All fires where persons carried out self-rescue through unusual routes.

• To all confirmed persons reported incidents.

• To premises where there has been more than one attendance to a fire in the same premises within a 24 hour period.

  • Fire Protection Support

    0113 387 5738

  • Fire Investigation

    0113 387 4357

Fire Engineering and Planning

What Is Fire Engineering?

  • An application of scientific/engineering principles, rules, codes and judgement, based on understanding the phenomena and effects of fire plus human behaviour within it.
  • To protect people, property and environment from destruction by fire.
  • Assessment of hazards and risks of fire and effects.
  • Mitigation of potential fire damage by design, construction, arrangement, and use of building materials, structures, industrial processes, transportation systems etc.
  • Appropriate level of evaluation for optimum preventive and protective measures necessary to limit consequences of fire.
  • Design, installation, maintenance and/or development of fire detection, fire suppression (682.56kb), fire control and fire related communication systems/equipment.
  • Direction and control of appropriate equipment/manpower in strategy/function of fire fighting and rescue operations.
  • Post-fire investigation, analysis, evaluation and feedback.

Fire Engineered Buildings


Due to varying types of building design/use, it is impractical to apply a precise definition of a type of development falling within the category of fire engineered project or complex building.

Examples below offer guidance on projects for consideration:

  • Any new development, refurbishment or adaptation of an existing building that includes: A covered shopping complex falling within the definition given in BS 9999.
  • A building containing an atrium within the definition of BS 9999 and/or BS 9991.
  • A building where fire engineering design strategy is used to demonstrate compliance with the functional requirements of Part B (Fire Safety) of The Building Regulations.
  • An indoor arena, large entertainment or assembly complex, mass transit system interchange or similar project.
  • Any large or unusual project where extended or complex consultation with the design team is necessary.

The premises identified above tend to be classed high risk with regard to property and/or life safety, and therefore specific tactical plans may benefit Operational crews.

When such a project/building is identified, either on planning application or through pre-submission meetings with Building Control (or Approved Inspector), the Fire Engineering/Planning Team at Service Delivery Centre will be responsible for dealing with any statutory consultation under the Building Regulations and other legislation.

  • Fire Protection Engineering, Planning & Licensing

    0113 387 4397

Petroleum / Explosives and Licencing

For details of our Petroleum and Explosives team, please click HERE

Alcohol and Entertainment

The Licensing Act 2003 came into force on 24 November 2005.

Licensing Authorities are responsible for licensing sale/supply of alcohol, provision of regulated entertainment and provision of late night refreshment in England and Wales.  If you carry out these activities, you will need relevant authorisation and should speak to your local licensing authority.

Licensing authorities carry out their functions and promote four licensing objectives:

  • Prevention of crime/disorder
  • Public safety
  • Prevention of public nuisance
  • Protection of children from harm


Licensing authorities must decide applications in connection with premises licences and club premises certificates on the basis of the steps it considers necessary to promote these objectives.

Fire Service Role

Where the application does not indicate satisfactory fire precautions the Fire & Rescue Authority can make a formal representation to the licensing authority.  This can result in the application being rejected or conditions being included as part of any license which is granted.

A failure to provide satisfactory fire precautions to ensure the safety of employees and other relevant persons may be a breach of The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 and may lead to prosecution.

Where building work is necessary either to build or alter licensed premises the work should be carried out in accordance with Building Regulations requirements. For further information regarding Building Regulations requirements visit the Planning Portal.

Further Advice – FS-PAN007-AlcoholEntertainment

For further advice regarding the application process please contact our licensing department on Leeds 0113 3875738 or e-mail

Residential Rented Properties

Enforcement & Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

What Is Fire Safety Enforcement?

The primary focus of fire safety enforcement is to ensure public safety from fire and its effects in places used for commercial, business and leisure activities, and that the law is complied with.

In premises that sell or store petroleum and/or explosives, other legislation requires adequate fire safety measures are in place and where necessary enforced that will minimise the risk to the public before a licence is issued by the Authority. In these types of premises, where necessary, we will work with the Health and Safety Executive, local and district authorities and the police to ensure that the legislation is complied with.

Fire safety officers employed by this authority will have the necessary expertise and competence to enforce the appropriate legislation that is appropriate to the risk presented. The Authority has adopted and has signed up to the Enforcement Concordat to ensure that any enforcement action taken is in line with nationally agreed best practice.

Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 has simplified and consolidated previous fire legislation, making it easier to understand and therefore comply with. A series of 11 guides (126.96kb) has been produced, each appropriate to the occupancy type, that provide guidance and assistance in the necessary preventative and protective measures to comply with the Order and provide a safe place for the public to occupy.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 came into force on 1 October 2006. The Fire Safety Order applies in England and Wales. Northern Ireland and Scotland will have their own laws.

Responsibility for enforcing the Order in most premises in West Yorkshire will be West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Authority. Inspections of those premises that present the highest risk to the community will be completed following a risk-based inspection programme.

The Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) provides additional information. They have published a series of guides to assist those responsible for fire safety in premises on how to comply with the new Order and provide detailed information on risk assessments and other issues.

The Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2007

Building Regulations & Fire Safety

West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service provide a consultation service to Local Authority Building Control departments and Approved Inspectors. Consultation relates to fire safety provisions in the design, construction and adaptation of buildings. Legal requirements and national guidance determine the consultation process. For detailed information click HERE

The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007

These Regulations revoke and replace the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/3140) (Parts 2 and 3) and revoke and re-enact, with modifications, the Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996.

Regulations 39, 40 and 41 refer to fire safety standards.

Where the premises are under construction and are also occupied i.e. there is no distinction between the construction site and occupied premises, the fire and rescue authority is the enforcing authority.

This is also the case for occupied premises that have means of escape which are dependant on passing through the construction site. Where there is clear distinction between construction and occupied sites, the construction site is enforced by the HSE and the occupied site is enforced by the relevant enforcing authority under the Order.

Where construction is carried on within a fenced site, the area within the fence is enforced by the HSE, and those areas without the fence are enforced by the relevant enforcing authority detailed in the Order at article 25. In the case of sites occupied solely as construction sites, the HSE is the enforcing authority.

Fire Protection Policies

Acting Up Policy

Access for Fire Appliances

A Guide to Best Practice with Water Sprinklers & Water Misting Systems (682.56kb)

Automatic Fire Suppression Systems (AFSS) Policy (114.27kb)

Appointment & Authorisation of Fire Safety Inspectors

BASIS Protocol for Inspection of Agrochemical Stores (133.75kb)

Consultation Arrangements & Joint Protocols (119.14kb)

Discharge Of Duties & Powers (128.25kb)

Caution Policy (301.58kb)

Complaints – Dangerous Conditions (114.52kb)

Conducting a Post Fire Hot Strike in a Commercial Building (114.99kb)

DCLG-Building Regulations & Fire Safety Procedural Guidance(06BD04141) (185.45kb)

Enforcement Of Legislation Regards Storage Of Explosives & Petroleum (217.58kb)

Enforcement Policy (252.02kb)

Fire Investigation Policy (113.5kb)

Fire Investigation Policy (Regional) (130.73kb)

Fire Precautions & Liaison – HSE:LA Inspectors & Fire & Rescue Authorities (185.45kb)

Fire Protection – Revised FS Audit Guidance (657.15kb)

Fire Protection Concordat – Bradford MDC (122.86kb)

Fire Protection Concorat – Leeds Council (194.31kb)

Fire Protection – Out of Hours Cover (121.59kb)

Fire Protection Strategy (559.59kb)

Houses In Multiple Occupation (135.46kb)

HSE Liaison at Hazardous Installations (2854.9kb)

Interpreters for Fire Safety Enforcement (268.25kb)

Licensing Act 2003 (117.25kb)

Memorandum of Understanding – Department of Education and WYFRS (509.37kb)

Out of Hours Advice – Fire Protection Managers (123.9kb)

Policy for Primary Authority

Prosecution Policy (123.2kb)

Protocol – Leeds Schools & West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Authority

Protocol – OFSTED & West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Authority (137.54kb)

Protocol – Wakefield Schools & West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Authority (132.56kb)

Protocol – West Yorkshire Local Housing Authorities & West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Authority (Revised) (131.04kb)

Protocol – West Yorkshire Police & WYFRS – Fire Investigation (163.76kb)

Reduction of False Alarms and Unwanted Fire Signals (301.27kb)

Revised Fire Prevention Audit Guidance – March 2009

Risk Based Inspection Program for Fire Protection & Operational Crews 2017 – 2020

Roles & Responsibilities – Fire Engineering & Planning Team (133.61kb)

Sports Grounds – Regulated Stands (119.31kb)

Training Policy

Fire Protection Guidance

Access & Facilities – Fire Service (Determination of Compliance with Requirement B5) (36.24kb)

Alcohol and Entertainment (Licensing Act 2003) (88.94kb)

Animal Establishments (120.73kb)

Article 31 – Prohibition Notices (147.06kb)

Building Regulations & Consultation (89.58kb)

Caravan Sites (149.41kb)

Christmas Grottos In Retail Premises (67.78kb)

Code of Practice – Fire Safety in Adult Placements

Code of Practice for Officers Carrying Out Legislative Fire Safety Inspections (89.76kb)

Construction (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 2015 (CDM) (129.19kb)

Cost Recovery for Attendance to Persistent False Alarms (220.35kb)

Digital Cameras – Guidance for Use in Gathering Evidence (814.65kb)

Digital Photographic Images & Microsoft Word™ Tips & Hints (661.67kb)

Domestic Sprinkler Systems (185.27kb)

Domestic Sprinkler Systems (BASFA Guidance Note 1) (155.9kb)

Enforcement of Fire Safety in Crown Premises (87.13kb)

Fireworks – Inspections, Investigations, Detentions & Seizures (129.85kb)

Fireworks – Procedure for Storage of Seized Fireworks (94.2kb)

Fireworks – Tackling Misuse (Government Guidance)

Fire Alarm Systems (90.21kb)

Fire Fighting Provision – Sheltered Housing & Similar Premises (194kb)

Fire Precautions at Explosives Sites Licensed by the Health and Safety Executive (175.36kb)

Fire Protection Evaluation (93.05kb)

Fire Resisting Glass (85.98kb)

Fire Resisting Metal Doors (92.52kb)

Fire Resisting Self Closing Doors (249.56kb)

Fire Retardant Treatment For Fabrics (88.32kb)

Fire Safety In Adult Placements (118.04kb)

Fire Safety on Construction Sites (144.29kb)

Fire Safety Order – Implications for Flats (Front Doors) (91.5kb)

Fire Safety Standards In Premises (166.47kb)

Guidance – Emergency Use of Lifts & Escalators for Evacuation (84.76kb)

Guide to Automatic Water Suppression Systems (1567.33kb) (PDF Document – Opens in a new window) (CFOA Document)

Guide to Safety at Sports Grounds (71.63kb)

Houses In Multiple Occupation (85.74kb)

Hyperbaric Treatment Facilities (93.26kb)

Illegal Storage Of Fireworks (94.37kb)

Illegal Storage Of Petroleum In Domestic Premises (94.81kb)

Interpreters for Fire Safety Enforcement (85.93kb)

LACORS – Fire Safety Guidance – Fire Safety Provisions (78.08kb)

Liaison – West York’s Fire & Rescue Authority & Authority Enforcing Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 (99.76kb)

Managing UwFS & Call Filtering – Healthcare Premises

Means Of Escape For Disabled People (90.92kb)

Methods of Fire Risk Assessment (112.14kb)

Multi-Point Access Systems Check List (90.5kb)

Reporting of Dangerous Conditions

Single : Multi-Point Access Control Systems (114.81kb)

Operational Liaison – Exchange Of Information To Assist Strategic & Tactical Planning (133.04kb)

Out of Hours Advice – Fire Protection

(PACE) CODE E – Code of Practice on Audio Recording Interviews with Suspects (95.9kb)

(PACE) Police and Criminal Evidence Act and the Codes (87.44kb)

Personal Emergency Evacuation Plans (92.46kb)

Procedure For Issuing Simple Cautions (85.49kb)

Regulators Compliance Code & the Enforcement Concordat (85.75kb)

Reporting Dangerous Conditions

RRO Determination Guidance (88.52kb)

RRO Enforcement Guide (92.11kb) (CLG)

Sandwich Panels (92.14kb)

Smoke Security Devices (126.99kb)

Through Floor Lifts In Domestic Premises (64.9kb)

Tyre Storage in the Open Air (85.56kb)

Water Mist Guide (Building Research Establishment Publication)

Water Mist Systems (Industrial & Commercial) (84.55kb)

Water Mist Systems (Residential) (88.43kb)